Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Historical Florentine Football
The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel Desiree
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Desiree
Via Fiume, 20
Zone:San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Fortezza da Basso
18 bedroom-suites placed in the centre of Florence swallowed by the quiet of a small family business Hotel

Hotel Villa Carlotta
4 stars
Hotel Villa Carlotta
Via Michele di Lando, 3
Zone: Palazzo Pitti
Is a romantic 19th century patrician manor, situated in the wooded residential area around Porta Romana.

Relais Marignolle
4 stars
Relais Marignolle
Via di San Quirico, 16
Zone: Firenze Galluzzo, Certosa
Marignolle Relais & Charme is a hotel in the area Galluzzo in Florence, the Tuscan hills.

Hotel Elite
best hotel
2 stars
Hotel Elite
Via della Scala, 12
Zone: Santa Maria Novella - Duomo
This little two-star hotel is situated in the historic centre of Florence

Florence Events
The Cinquecento in Florence. From Michelangelo and Pontormo to Giambologna
The Cinquecento in Florence. From Michelangelo and Pontormo to Giambologna
From 21/09/2017
To 21/01/2018
A spectacular exhibition devoted to the art of the 16th century in Florence showcasing over seventy works of art by such artists as Michelangelo, Bronzino, Giorgio Vasari, Rosso Fiorentino, Pontormo, Santi di Tito, Giambologna and Bartolomeo[...]
1927 - Return to Italy - Salvatore Ferragamo and visual culture during XXth century
1927 - Return to Italy - Salvatore Ferragamo and visual culture during XXth century
From 19/05/2017
To 02/05/2018
In 2017 falls the 90th anniversary from Ferragamo's return to Italy (1927), after 12 years in the Usa. The exhibit recreate the culturel environment of Italy and Florence in that period, showing paintings and plastic objects produced in Italy:[...]
"The Medici Dynasty Show"
"The Medici Dynasty Show"
From 24/10/2017
To 06/01/2018
The Medici Dynasty show is a behind the scenes of the Medici Family and Florence's history. With traditional costumes and video projections of the artistic and architectural masterpieces of the era, viewers can travel back in time, tracing[...]
The fragility of sign
The fragility of sign
From 23/09/2017
To 26/11/2017
Cave art in Africa in the archive of Italian Istitute of pre-and protohistory

Pictures and films ot the IIPP archive realized between the thirties and sixties of the XXth century by Paolo Graziosi during his studies on cave art in Libia and[...]
Leonardo Bruni. Humanism in Florence
Leonardo Bruni. Humanism in Florence
From 13/10/2017
To 05/01/2018
The exhibition pays tribute to Leonardo Bruni (1370 / 75 - 1444) chancelor of the Repubblica di Firence and one of the best humanists in his time. In the enchanting environment of the Medicean Library designed by Michelangelo.
Leonardo Bruni. Humanism in Florence
Leonardo Bruni. Humanism in Florence
From 13/10/2017
To 05/01/2018
The exhibition pays tribute to Leonardo Bruni (1370 / 75 - 1444) chancelor of the Repubblica di Firence and one of the best humanists in his time. In the enchanting environment of the Medicean Library designed by Michelangelo.
Le Cirque with the World’s Top Performers
Le Cirque with the World’s Top Performers
From 04/01/2018
To 07/01/2018
For the very first time ever, an absolute European premiere, the best artists and performers of contemporary circus performing in a unique and thrilling show, bound to remain in the hearts and minds of spectators of all ages: Le Cirque with the[...]
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