Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History




The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Comments  

 
+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
Reply
 
 
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
Reply
 
 
0 # Florence hotel cente 2015-04-16 23:34
We had a long weekend in Florence and wanted to stay somewhere central and this hotel was ideal. The room we had was "upgraded" on arrival which we were initially pleased about but it was right at the old end of the hotel and wasn't ideal - the room needed some renovation, the bathroom downstairs was OK but the shower was rubbish, but the staff were apologetic and eventually sorted it out. What we would say that the breakfast was amazing - fizz every morning went down well!!! Florence itself is a walking City so, ladies, remember to take a few flats!! Florence hotel center
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel Villa Stanley
alt
4 stars
Hotel Villa Stanley
Viale XX Settembre, 200
Zone: Sesto Fiorentino
Hotel Villa Stanley is a 4 stars rated hotel, built in the main Villa with its 25 bed rooms, reception area, bar, lounge-rooms and conference halls and restaurant.

Hotel Giglio
3 stars
Hotel Giglio
Via Cavour, 85
Zone: San Lorenzo
Florence Hotel Giglio is located in an historic building on Via Cavour, a popular main street in the center of Florence.

Hotel Por Santa Maria
best hotel
1 stars
Hotel Por Santa Maria
Via Calimaruzza, 3
Zone: Signoria Square
Hotel Por Santa Maira is a 1 Star Hotel located in the heart of the historic center of Florence

Hotel Unicorno
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Unicorno
Via dei Fossi, 27
Zone:Palazzo Strozzi - Duomo
Hotel Unicorno is a 3-star hotel, located in the centre of Florence, in Via de' Fossi


Florence Events
IMMAGINE ITALIA & Co. by MARE d'AMARE 2015
IMMAGINE ITALIA & Co. by MARE d'AMARE 2015
From 18/07/2015
To 20/07/2015
On July 18 - 20, 2015 the beachwear world is meeting in Florence for the eighth edition of Mare D’Amare.

The marvellous Fortezza da Basso is going to host events, fashion shows, workshops and above all beachwear collections by over[...]
#DomenicalMuseo Florence
#DomenicalMuseo Florence
From 01/03/2015
To 06/12/2015
Every month, on the first Sunday of the month, there is the #DomenicalMuseo, initiative which provides free admission to all civic museums of the city. On the Monday preceding each #DomenicalMuseo www.musefirenze.it/en/events/ publish the program[...]
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/01/2015
To 31/12/2015
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Divine beauty. Sacred art from Van Gogh to Fontana
Divine beauty. Sacred art from Van Gogh to Fontana
From 27/09/2015
To 24/01/2016
The exhibition explores, and sets in context, a century of modern sacred art stretching from the 1880s – when the Church opened its arms to the most innovative artists – to 1958 and the death of Pope Pius XII. Extremely well-known works[...]
Arno Beach Summer 2015
Arno Beach Summer 2015
From 04/05/2015
To 06/09/2015
Opens in advance the beach Arno.

From June 6 to September 6, a free space set up on the Arno River to catch the sun and relax.

At Piazza Poggi a large open space with lounge chairs, sun beds and umbrellas (free of charge, just[...]
Piero di Cosimo Exhibition in Florence
Piero di Cosimo Exhibition in Florence
From 23/06/2015
To 27/09/2015
The Uffizi welcomes a new exhibition this summer dedicated to the art of Piero di Cosimo.

The show, titled Piero di Cosimo: eccentric Florentine painter between the Renaissance and Mannerism, showcases 100 works and will run from June 23 to[...]
Smau Florence 2015
Smau Florence 2015
From 14/07/2015
To 15/07/2015
National event dedicated to innovation and new digital technologies for businesses and professionals Italians.

Manifestation Smau 2015 play in Florence at the Fortezza da Basso from 14 to 15 July.

Smau is not only a national[...]
Exhibition of Pharmaceuticals Tuscany
Exhibition of Pharmaceuticals Tuscany
From 23/09/2015
To 24/09/2015
1st Exhibition pharmaceutical Tuscan be held in Florence, at the Fortezza da Basso from 23 September to 24 September 2015.

Showcase Pharmacy is the first exhibition of the pharmaceutical industry in Tuscany, event training and updating[...]
Firenze
Tue

36°C
Wed

33°C
Thu

32°C