Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History




The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Comments  

 
+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
Reply
 
 
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
Reply
 
 
0 # Florence hotel cente 2015-04-16 23:34
We had a long weekend in Florence and wanted to stay somewhere central and this hotel was ideal. The room we had was "upgraded" on arrival which we were initially pleased about but it was right at the old end of the hotel and wasn't ideal - the room needed some renovation, the bathroom downstairs was OK but the shower was rubbish, but the staff were apologetic and eventually sorted it out. What we would say that the breakfast was amazing - fizz every morning went down well!!! Florence itself is a walking City so, ladies, remember to take a few flats!! Florence hotel center
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel Victoria
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Victoria
Via Nazionale, 102/r
Zone:Santa Maria Novella - Duomo - Fortezza da Basso
The 3 star Hotel Victoria is located in the heart of Florence, in the San Lorenzo quarter

Florence Room B&B
Florence Room B&B
3 stars
B&B Florence Room
Via Fiume, 17
Zone: San Lorenzo, Fortezza da Basso, Santa Maria Novella
Florence Rooms is a new renoved B&B located in the historic center.

Hotel Montreal
2 stars
Hotel Montreal
Via della Scala, 43
Zone: Santa Maria Novella
Hotel Montreal is located in the historic centre of the city, very close to the main Train Station of Santa Maria Novella and to the major city museums.

B&B Mia Palace
B&B Mia Palace
3 stars
B&B Mia Palace
Via della Fonderia 8
Zone: San Frediano, Palazzo Pitti
Mia Palace is a nice and cheap B&B located in San Frediano discrict,short distance from the historic center.


Florence Events
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Family Tour in Florence
Family Tour in Florence
From 28/08/2015
To 31/07/2017
A special offer for families, new ways to discover the wonders of the city of Florence at all ages.

It is called Family Tour and it is made up of two different instruments dedicated to the families of young tourists and curious Florentines.[...]
JAN FABRE. SPIRITUAL GUARDS
JAN FABRE. SPIRITUAL GUARDS
From 15/04/2016
To 02/10/2016
It renews the annual appointment with the great art at Forte Belvedere in Florence. After international exhibitions of Giuseppe Penone and Antony Gormley, the ramparts of the ancient Medici Fortress will host the works of Jan Fabre, one of the most[...]
INCREDIBLE FLORENCE
INCREDIBLE FLORENCE
From 18/06/2016
To 31/10/2016
From June 18 to October 31, the Auditorium of Santo Stefano al Ponte hosts Incredible Florence, an unprecedented journey of over 2000 years to tell the story of Florence and characters that have made it unique.

Location: Auditorium Santo[...]
HOT AIR BALLOONING IN TUSCANY,
HOT AIR BALLOONING IN TUSCANY,
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
Experience the magic of flight, a bird's eye view on Tuscany’s vineyards, olive groves and ancient townships; There's nothing quite like flying in a hot air balloon over the Florentine Chianti hills!
Join us for a hot-air balloon[...]
"A ZONZO (WANDERING) IN CHIANTI"
"A ZONZO (WANDERING) IN CHIANTI"
From 16/10/2016
To 31/12/2016
Come and enjoy the beautiful, rolling, Tuscan hills near Florence and their fascinating history and culture at the slow pace of an old-fashion horse-drawn wagon.
A tour of 2 hours in the carriage along the crests of Via Romita and Via[...]
UFFIZI LIVE
UFFIZI LIVE
From 31/05/2016
To 27/09/2016
From next May 31 until September 27 2016, the Uffizi Gallery will make an opening continued on Tuesday, from 19 to 22 hours.
Every Tuesday between 19 and 22, within the halls of the museum, visitors will have the opportunity to enjoy not only[...]
TORRINO  SUMMER 2016
TORRINO SUMMER 2016
From 01/06/2016
To 30/09/2016
The review Torrino Summer 2016 was created with the goal of enhancing one of the symbols of the City of Florence, the Tower of Santa Rosa and its outdoor spaces - retrained by the Rondinella of Torrino - now become a reference point for the[...]
HILLS SCANDICCI
HILLS SCANDICCI
From 05/06/2016
To 05/11/2016
From June 5 to November 5, 2016 in Scandicci back weekends of Itinera, the event dedicated to the discovery of scandiccesi hills and their food and wine. "The project involves farms, mills, educational farms, which open the doors to all for[...]
WALKS FREE THE DISCOVERY OF FLORENCE
WALKS FREE THE DISCOVERY OF FLORENCE
From 19/03/2016
To 16/10/2016
Walks to discover the libraries, the historical and artistic heritage and environmental of the territory. Each walk is free but is required to book
The maximum number of participants per walk is 25.

Info:
The form must be sent to[...]
 CORRI LA VITA  IN FLORENCE
CORRI LA VITA IN FLORENCE
From 25/09/2016
To 25/09/2016
The 14th edition of "Corri la Vita", which to date has gathered more than 234,000 participants and raised more than € 3,950,000, will be Sunday, September 25.
As always, the protagonists will be the "non-competitive"[...]
GELATO FESTIVAL 2016
GELATO FESTIVAL 2016
From 01/09/2016
To 04/09/2016
The first two winners from each stage of the tour will challenge one another in the grand final in Florence.
22 of Europe's master gelato makers will enter their own unique flavours in an effort to become the outright winner of the 2016[...]
FESTIVAL OF THE PAPER LANTERNS
FESTIVAL OF THE PAPER LANTERNS
From 07/09/2016
To 07/09/2016
On the eve of the feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Florentines walk through the city carrying paper lanterns illuminated by candles from within. This tradition dates back to the Renaissance, when pilgrims bearing lanterns would gather in[...]
MASTER PIECES AT VILLA LA QUIETE: BOTTICELLI AND RIDOLFO DEL GHIRLANDAIO IN EXHIBITION
MASTER PIECES AT VILLA LA QUIETE: BOTTICELLI AND RIDOLFO DEL GHIRLANDAIO IN EXHIBITION
From 26/07/2016
To 30/10/2016
The idea is the realization of an itinerary which highlights the important collection of sacred items and reliques, as well as illustrate the history of the Villa. Here you will find the hidden Botticelli, on display together with masterpieces by[...]
GUIDED TOUR OF THE UFFIZI GALLERY
GUIDED TOUR OF THE UFFIZI GALLERY
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
With over 1,5 million of visitors every year, the Uffizi Gallery in Florence is the most visited museum in Italy after the Vatican Museums in Rome. Therefore, it is rare to be able to enter the museum without waiting a long while in line. Of the[...]
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