Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History

The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.


+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
0 # Florence hotel cente 2015-04-16 23:34
We had a long weekend in Florence and wanted to stay somewhere central and this hotel was ideal. The room we had was "upgraded" on arrival which we were initially pleased about but it was right at the old end of the hotel and wasn't ideal - the room needed some renovation, the bathroom downstairs was OK but the shower was rubbish, but the staff were apologetic and eventually sorted it out. What we would say that the breakfast was amazing - fizz every morning went down well!!! Florence itself is a walking City so, ladies, remember to take a few flats!! Florence hotel center

Suggested Hotels

Albergo Firenze
2 stars
Albergo Firenze
Piazza Donati, 4
Zone: Santa Maria Novella - Uffizi - Duomo
A precious black pearl tucked away in the heart of the historical center, Albergo Firenze is located in Piazza Donati

Relais Marignolle
4 stars
Relais Marignolle
Via di San Quirico, 16
Zone: Firenze Galluzzo, Certosa
Marignolle Relais & Charme is a hotel in the area Galluzzo in Florence, the Tuscan hills.

Residenze La Mongolfiera
3 stars
Residenze La Mongolfiera
Via Guido Guinizzelli, 1
Zone: Campo di Marte
Is found in an elegant and completely restored Chalet tucked at the foot of the Fiesole Hills.

Hotel Golf
3 stars
Hotel Golf
Viale F.lli Rosselli, 56
Zone: Santa Maria Novella
The Golf Hotel Florence is a 3 star hotel in Florence, situated just 200 metres from Santa Maria Novella Station.

Florence Events
Domenica al Museo Florence
Domenica al Museo Florence
From 01/03/2015
To 06/12/2015
Every month, on the first Sunday of the month, there is the #DomenicalMuseo, initiative which provides free admission to all civic museums of the city. On the Monday preceding each #DomenicalMuseo www.musefirenze.it/en/events/ publish the program[...]
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/01/2015
To 31/12/2015
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Divine beauty. Sacred art from Van Gogh to Fontana
Divine beauty. Sacred art from Van Gogh to Fontana
From 27/09/2015
To 24/01/2016
The exhibition explores, and sets in context, a century of modern sacred art stretching from the 1880s – when the Church opened its arms to the most innovative artists – to 1958 and the death of Pope Pius XII. Extremely well-known works[...]
Family Tour in Florence
Family Tour in Florence
From 28/08/2015
To 31/07/2017
A special offer for families, new ways to discover the wonders of the city of Florence at all ages.

It is called Family Tour and it is made up of two different instruments dedicated to the families of young tourists and curious Florentines.[...]
Divine Beauty from Van Gogh to Chagall and Fontana
Divine Beauty from Van Gogh to Chagall and Fontana
From 26/09/2015
To 24/01/2016
Palazzo Strozzi in Florence will be holding an exhibition entitled Divine Beauty from Van Gogh to Chagall and Fontana from 24 September 2015 to 24 January 2016.

This outstanding show, with over one hundred works by well-known Italian and[...]
Florence Christmas Markets
Florence Christmas Markets
From 12/11/2015
To 06/01/2016
Florence gets ready for Christmas with the traditional markets here is the most beautiful events for young and old to get into the Christmas spirit.

Among the many events held in Florence do not miss the Weihnachtsmarkt, the traditional[...]