Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History




The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Comments  

 
+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
Reply
 
 
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
Reply
 

Suggested Hotels

Hotel I Parigi
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel I Parigi
Via Luigiana, 12
Zone: Florence Certosa
B&B I Parigi Corbinelli is strategically situated at the city gates near Florence Certosa

Hotel First
best hotel
4 stars
Hotel First
Via Ciolli, 5
Zone:Calenzano
The First Hotel is immediately after the Highway exit(Calenzano/Sesto Fiorentino)and 1.5km from Florence

Hotel Villa Casagrande
best hotel
3 stars
Villa Casagrande
Via G.B. del Puglia 61
Zone: Figline Valdarno
Hotel Villa Casagrande is a 3 Star Hotel located in the heart of the historic center of Figline Valdarno

Hotel la Gioconda
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel la Gioconda
Via Panzani, 2
Zone:San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Palazzo Strozzi - Duomo
Charming three star hotel located in the historical heart of Florence,


Florence Events
Florence Tattoo Convention 2014
Florence Tattoo Convention 2014
From 07/11/2014
To 09/11/2014
Forence Tattoo Events is the italian tattoo festival completely dedicated to the exciting world of tattoo and body arts.

Florence Tattoo Festival is the absolute best way to fully experience the world of the tattoo art.
The event will[...]
Picasso and Spanish Modernity - Palazzo Strozzi
Picasso and Spanish Modernity - Palazzo Strozzi
From 20/10/2014
To 20/01/2015
As of 20 September 2014 Palazzo Strozzi in Florence will be focusing on modern art once again with a major new event devoted to one of the greatest masters of 20th century painting, Pablo Picasso.

Picasso and Spanish Modernity will be[...]
Fiesole Exhibition Fiesole and the Longobards pieces
Fiesole Exhibition Fiesole and the Longobards pieces
From 15/04/2014
To 31/10/2014
This year, the Museo Civico Archeologico di Fiesole is 100 years old.
With an exhibition celebrating this important anniversary, exhibition, setting out the artifacts Longobardi found in Fiesole and in the excavations conducted by the[...]
UIA 58th Congress in Florence
UIA 58th Congress in Florence
From 29/10/2014
To 01/11/2014
The International Union of Lawyers (UIA) chooses Florence for the 58th edition of the UIA Congress. The event will be held at the Palazzo dei Congressi in Florence from October 29 to November 1, 2014.
There will be four whole days for the study[...]
Fabi, Silvestri, Gazzè Florence 2014
Fabi, Silvestri, Gazzè Florence 2014
From 19/08/2014
To 04/12/2014
After the huge success of "Life is Sweet" - the first single from the supergroup which debuted at the top of the iTunes charts - will be released in September an album written, produced and performed by the three artists[...]
Tutto Sposi 2014 Florence wedding Fair
Tutto Sposi 2014 Florence wedding Fair
From 30/10/2014
To 03/11/2014
Tutto Sposi 2014: 22 th edition of the Fair to marry and furnish the house.
There will be all the operators in the sector: from catering, restaurants, travel agencies, confetti, favors, flowers, invitations, car rentals, photographers, stylists,[...]
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/08/2013
To 31/12/2014
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Firenze
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