Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History




The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Comments  

 
+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
Reply
 
 
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
Reply
 
 
0 # Florence hotel cente 2015-04-16 23:34
We had a long weekend in Florence and wanted to stay somewhere central and this hotel was ideal. The room we had was "upgraded" on arrival which we were initially pleased about but it was right at the old end of the hotel and wasn't ideal - the room needed some renovation, the bathroom downstairs was OK but the shower was rubbish, but the staff were apologetic and eventually sorted it out. What we would say that the breakfast was amazing - fizz every morning went down well!!! Florence itself is a walking City so, ladies, remember to take a few flats!! Florence hotel center
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel First
best hotel
4 stars
Hotel First
Via Ciolli, 5
Zone:Calenzano
The First Hotel is immediately after the Highway exit(Calenzano/Sesto Fiorentino)and 1.5km from Florence

Hotel I Parigi
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel I Parigi
Via Luigiana, 12
Zone: Florence Certosa
B&B I Parigi Corbinelli is strategically situated at the city gates near Florence Certosa

Hotel Villa dei Bosconi
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Villa dei Bosconi
Via Ferrucci, 51
Zone: Florence Fiesole
Hotel Villa dei Bosconi, a new hotel located in a splendid position, on the hills of Fiesole

Hotel Gioia
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Gioia
Via Cavour, 25
Zone: San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Duomo
3 star hotel in the historic center of Florence, the hotel is convenient to the Uffizi Gallery


Florence Events
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Family Tour in Florence
Family Tour in Florence
From 28/08/2015
To 31/07/2017
A special offer for families, new ways to discover the wonders of the city of Florence at all ages.

It is called Family Tour and it is made up of two different instruments dedicated to the families of young tourists and curious Florentines.[...]
JAN FABRE. SPIRITUAL GUARDS
JAN FABRE. SPIRITUAL GUARDS
From 15/04/2016
To 02/10/2016
It renews the annual appointment with the great art at Forte Belvedere in Florence. After international exhibitions of Giuseppe Penone and Antony Gormley, the ramparts of the ancient Medici Fortress will host the works of Jan Fabre, one of the most[...]
FROM KANDINSKY A POLLOCK: EXHIBITION AT THE PALAZZO STROZZI
FROM KANDINSKY A POLLOCK: EXHIBITION AT THE PALAZZO STROZZI
From 19/03/2016
To 24/07/2016
Starting 19 March and running till 24 July 2016, Palazzo Strozzi is to host a major exhibition bringing to Florence over one hundred masterpieces of European and American art from the 1920s to the 1960s, in a narrative that reconstructs the[...]
CINEMA UNDER THE STARS
CINEMA UNDER THE STARS
From 11/06/2016
To 09/07/2016
Cinema under the stars in Piazza Santissima Annunziata.
As of June 11, every night, until July 9 so good cinema with free admission.
INCREDIBLE FLORENCE
INCREDIBLE FLORENCE
From 18/06/2016
To 31/10/2016
From June 18 to October 31, the Auditorium of Santo Stefano al Ponte hosts Incredible Florence, an unprecedented journey of over 2000 years to tell the story of Florence and characters that have made it unique.

Location: Auditorium Santo[...]
HOT AIR BALLOONING IN TUSCANY,
HOT AIR BALLOONING IN TUSCANY,
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
Experience the magic of flight, a bird's eye view on Tuscany’s vineyards, olive groves and ancient townships; There's nothing quite like flying in a hot air balloon over the Florentine Chianti hills!
Join us for a hot-air balloon[...]
"A ZONZO (WANDERING) IN CHIANTI"
"A ZONZO (WANDERING) IN CHIANTI"
From 16/10/2016
To 31/12/2016
Come and enjoy the beautiful, rolling, Tuscan hills near Florence and their fascinating history and culture at the slow pace of an old-fashion horse-drawn wagon.
A tour of 2 hours in the carriage along the crests of Via Romita and Via[...]
Firenze
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31°C
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32°C