Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Florence History




The name Florence corresponds to that of Florentia, founded in 59 B.C.
The ceremony of its founding took place during a celebration, "Ludi Florales" for the arrival of spring in honor of the god Flora from which the city got the name Florentia. The coat of arms of Florence, the red lily, derives from the Florentine white iris, very common in the territory.
It remains that almost nothing is known about the first gothic Byzantine emperor.
From 568 to 774 it was under the dominion of the Lombards and then passed over to the Franche in 854.
Around 1115 the Florentine municipal was initiated, guided by the lower and middle local aristocrats. Dante Alighieri, a figure who was tightly connected to the events of Florentine political life, was born in 1265. During that period, Florence was on its way to becoming the most powerful city in central Italy due to international commerce and its importance in the world of art. The wars between the Guelfs, loyal to the pope, and the Ghibelines, loyal to the emperor, became always more bitter until the point, with the birth of Dante, the Guelfs were expulsed and the city remained in the hands of the Ghibelines. However, in 1266 Florence returned under the Guelfs and in turn the Ghibelines were expulsed.
At the age of nine years old, Dante met Beatrice, daughter of the rich Folco Portiniari, to whom his profound love was never reciprocal.
Unfortunately, Beatrice was united in marriage with Simone Bardi and Dante with Gemma Donati with whom he had 4 children. The death of Beatrice in 1290 represented a real trauma for Dante and it was then that he decided to start his collection of rhymes and poetry, which tell the story of his love for her in "La Vita Nova".
It was also during this period that he began his political commitment, contrasting the authority of Pope Boniface VIII, which brought him condemnation and exile from Florence and led him to begin his pilgrimage for shelter in the jurisdictions of Forli, Verona, and Lunigiana.
In the "Divine Comedy", begun in1306 and worked on for the rest of his life, he transpired his resentment for the injustice he sustained by the pope, who he had appear in a cycle of Inferno or Hell.
The Divine Comedy is not a story about people who had existed in time; these people are referred to only as examples of creatures who have lived in human error. It is not only an imaginary journey of an exalted fantasy, but the truthful representation of the "Comedy of Life" and of the evolution of the being who is distressed by the dangerous ascent towards perfection.
In 1321 Dante was sent to Venice as ambassador. Returning from his embassy duty, he suffered an attack of malaria and died in Ravenna, where his tomb is found, on the night of the 23rd of September, 1321, at the age of 56.
The Medici family also had a relevant importance in the Florentine political life. Cosimo was the only real lord of the city and was called "father of the patriarchy", for his wisdom, while his grandson Lorenzo, called the "Magnificent" was a shrewd politician who, due to his ability, did not permit the invasion of Florence by foreigners.
With the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Florentine republic ended and, after numerous wars, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany found its origin and reigned until the political unification of Italy.
For 5 years, from 1865 to 1870, Florence was the capital of Italy for it was during that period that it was the most suited due to historical, geographic, and cultural reasons.
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Comments  

 
+1 # Kecco 2010-08-03 11:11
Davvero interessante la storia di Firenze!
Reply
 
 
+1 # Federico 2010-08-03 11:34
interessante davvero!
Reply
 
 
0 # Florence hotel cente 2015-04-16 23:34
We had a long weekend in Florence and wanted to stay somewhere central and this hotel was ideal. The room we had was "upgraded" on arrival which we were initially pleased about but it was right at the old end of the hotel and wasn't ideal - the room needed some renovation, the bathroom downstairs was OK but the shower was rubbish, but the staff were apologetic and eventually sorted it out. What we would say that the breakfast was amazing - fizz every morning went down well!!! Florence itself is a walking City so, ladies, remember to take a few flats!! Florence hotel center
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel Gioia
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel Gioia
Via Cavour, 25
Zone: San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Duomo
3 star hotel in the historic center of Florence, the hotel is convenient to the Uffizi Gallery

Lilium Hotel Firenze
Lilium Hotel Firenze
3 stars
Lilium Hotel Firenze
Via Fiume, 17
Zone: San Lorenzo, Fortezza da Basso, Santa Maria Novella
Lilium Hotel is a new Hotel located in the historic center.

Hotel la Gioconda
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel la Gioconda
Via Panzani, 2
Zone:San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Palazzo Strozzi - Duomo
Charming three star hotel located in the historical heart of Florence,

Hotel Fedora
best hotel
2 stars
Hotel Fedora
Via Spartaco Lavagnini 45
Zone: Santa Maria Novella - Fortezza da Basso
Charming small Hotel right next to the town center and to the rail station


Florence Events
Florence city Card: museums+bus
Florence city Card: museums+bus
From 01/01/2016
To 31/12/2016
The Firenze Card is valid for 72 hours and provides you the admission only once to all museums of the Circuit, located in Florence. It entitles you to visit permanent collections, exhibitions and other activities held in these museums. You will[...]
Family Tour in Florence
Family Tour in Florence
From 28/08/2015
To 31/07/2017
A special offer for families, new ways to discover the wonders of the city of Florence at all ages.

It is called Family Tour and it is made up of two different instruments dedicated to the families of young tourists and curious Florentines.[...]
150° Anniversary of Florence Capital - Palazzo Pitti Exhibition
150° Anniversary of Florence Capital - Palazzo Pitti Exhibition
From 19/11/2015
To 03/04/2016
The Gallery of Modern Art in Palazzo Pitti wants to celebrate the 150° anniversary of Florence capital of Italy with an exhibition dedicated to the presence of the King , and in particular to his stay in the Florentine palace , which since 1865[...]
Notre Dame de Paris al Mandela Forum di Firenze
Notre Dame de Paris al Mandela Forum di Firenze
From 12/05/2016
To 15/05/2016
Ritorna a grande richiesta dopo tre anni di assenza dalle scene italiane lo spettacolo che ha rivoluzionato il mondo dello spettacolo e che ha battuto ogni record di pubblico e critica. Notre dame de Paris di Riccardo Cocciante, Luc Plamondon e[...]
BODY WORLDS
BODY WORLDS
From 25/11/2015
To 20/03/2016
The exhibition conceived by German physician and scientist Gunther von Hagens dedicated to the "real world of the human body", will open its doors in the heart of the Florentine city on November 25, in the Monumental Complex of Santo[...]
Dance events
Dance events
From 25/02/2016
To 28/02/2016
Four days of intense dance await us at the Fortezza da Basso in Florence for the biggest international trade fair dedicated to the dance: Danzainfiera. From February 25 to 28 professionals, dancers, school, dance companies and companies meet for an[...]
Handmade Chocolate Fair
Handmade Chocolate Fair
From 12/02/2016
To 21/02/2016
It also confirmed this year the Artisan Chocolate Fair in Florence, the traditional event that will animate 12 to 21 February 2016, the picturesque scenery of Piazza Santa Maria Novella. For this edition, the fair will host exhibitors from many[...]
Firenze
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