Florence Guide tourist information on Florence and Tuscany:art, history,events, hotel and accommodation
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Duomo
The Florence Dome is fruit of the work done by various artists during the course of centuries. It was designed at the end of 1200 by Arnolfo di Cambio.
Filippo Brunelleschi created the cupola in Renaissance style and the facade dates back to late 1800. The structure was then enriched with the two sacristies, pavements in 16th century marmoreal, and frescoes by Paolo Uccello and Andrea del Castagno.
The Cathedral was named Santa Maria del Fiore in 1412 and rose above the original dedicated to Saint Reperata which existed up until its collapse in 1375; in the archeological area under the Duomo, remains from this cathedral with its two bell towers, in reduced dimensions as opposed to the ones we see today, can still be seen.
In 1293 the Florentine Republic decided to substitute the preexisting cathedral of Santa Reperata with one more sumptuous and therefore obligated the citizens to bequeath a sum for the building of the new Duomo. Arnolfo di Cambio worked on the project for 6 years from 1926 to 1302, the year he died. Not withstanding that the trend at the time was Gothic, Arnolfo conceived the Basilica with 3 naves that joined the main altar, the two bays and the new façade. After his death, Giotto was summoned to construct the bell tower and after him, Andrea Pisano, author of the south door of the Baptistery, continued up until 1348 the year of the great plague that cut the population in half.
From 1349 to 1359 the work passed on to Franco Talenti who completed the bell tower and designed a new project; the central nave was divided into four bays, while the two laterals were made rectangular. Around 1370, construction was nearly finished and the project of the apse was at a good point. Finally in 1375 Santa Reparata was completely torn down and the Duomo of Santa Maria del Fiore was ready to be the new cathedral of Florence.
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Suggested Hotels

Hotel Golf
3 stars
Hotel Golf
Viale F.lli Rosselli, 56
Zone: Santa Maria Novella
The Golf Hotel Florence is a 3 star hotel in Florence, situated just 200 metres from Santa Maria Novella Station.

Residenze La Mongolfiera
3 stars
Residenze La Mongolfiera
Via Guido Guinizzelli, 1
Zone: Campo di Marte
Is found in an elegant and completely restored Chalet tucked at the foot of the Fiesole Hills.

Hotel la Gioconda
best hotel
3 stars
Hotel la Gioconda
Via Panzani, 2
Zone:San Lorenzo - Santa Maria Novella - Palazzo Strozzi - Duomo
Charming three star hotel located in the historical heart of Florence,

Tourist House Battistero
2 stars
Tourist House Battistero
Via de' Cerretani, 1
Zone: Duomo
Is located on the first floor of an antique 15th century building with the Duomo (Cathedral) just 30 metres away.

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